Earthquake Commission’s 2020 Biennial Grant
Community led low-cost micro- seismic (MS) sensor network applications for Earthquake Early Warning (EEW)2020-Feb-01 to 2021-Dec-31:
At present, in Aotearoa New Zealand centralized earthquake detection infrastructure supported by high-end seismographs, takes nearly 60 seconds to compute robust information about an earthquake, and at present does not issue earthquake alerts or warnings but only disseminates post-earthquake information. Therefore, there is no official earthquake early warning (EEW) system available in Aotearoa New Zealand at present to warn the public. In its efforts to bridge the economic and technological gaps in fostering “low-latency EEW”, supported Do-it-Yourself (DIY) micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) embedded Internet of Things (IoT) sensor technologies are emerging. However, at present, most of these solutions either work as isolated solutions serving only the owners or are constrained by telecommunications latency and centralized cloud-based processing for earthquake detection and warning. This leads to unexplored state-of-art research on “community-engaged self-aligning and self-healing IoT embedded systems” to foster low-cost EEW applications. Focusing on designing such an appropriate solution, this particular project is conducting one of the essential initial steps of a broader research which aims to explore the feasibility of a community-engaged “citizen science” approach to EEW systems.
Massey University Strategic Investment Fund 2020
Building a Community of Practice Towards the Conceptualisation of Citizen-led Low-cost Earthquake Early Warning System2020-Jan-01 to 2021-Jul-31:
This project focuses on facilitating a community of practice toaddress the technical and social feasibility of realising a low-cost EEW system in New Zealand. Establishing communities of practice have been demonstrated to enhance exchange and mobilisation of knowledge as well as to facilitate the requirements identification, adoption and use of technological systems. Successful accomplishment of the research objectives will lead to (1) a community of practice that fosters local, national, and international collaborations to develop an EEW system for New Zealand. Furthermore, it will address the socio-technical factors of realising an EEW system, leading to (2) a comprehensive understanding of the end-user needs, associated technological, socio-economic challenges and opportunities, and (3) a ranking of taxonomies of the required technology artefacts. These outcomes will lay the foundation for the socio-technical investigation of the broader wicked challenge over the future phases of the project.