Sara Harrison

Academic Summary

PhD Candidate in Emergency Management
Massey University, New Zealand

MES in Geography and Environmental Management
University of Waterloo, Canada

BES in Geography, Geomatics Specialisation
University of Waterloo, Canada


Research Summary

Sara is a PhD Candidate at the Joint Centre for Disaster Research, Massey University. For her PhD, Sara is aiming to map out existing and potential impact data sources from severe weather events in New Zealand to support a fairly new kind of warning system: impact-based forecasts and warnings.

To do this, Sara is interviewing people with expertise in creating, collecting, sharing, and using impact data for a variety of purposes including impact/risk modelling, severe weather warnings, and response. She is taking a sociotechnical approach to explore both the social aspects of data creation, sharing, and use; along with the technical capabilities, limitations, and opportunities.

The expected outcome is to outline the process of getting impact data from the source (e.g. the public) to the end-users (e.g. Civil Defence groups, the MetService, impact/risk modellers, etc) for impact-based forecasts and warnings. This will help stakeholders understand what is available to them, and how they can access and contribute to it. Within a wider scope, this will support efforts towards meeting the requirements of the Sendai Framework to build a national impacts and losses database, as well as contribute to the implementation of impact-based forecasts and warnings in New Zealand.

Supervisors:

  • Dr. Sally Potter, GNS Science
  • Dr. Raj Prasanna, Joint Centre for Disaster Research (JCDR), Massey University
  • Dr. Emma Hudson-Doyle, Joint Centre for Disaster Research (JCDR), Massey University
  • Prof. David Johnston, Joint Centre for Disaster Research (JCDR), Massey University

Publications:

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E. E. H., & Johnston, D. (2020). Volunteered Geographic Information for people-centred severe weather early warning: A literature review. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies, 24(1), 3–21.

Tan, M. L., Harrison, S., Becker, J. S., & Doyle, E. E. H. (2020). Research Themes on Warnings in Information Systems Crisis Management Literature. In A. L. Hughes, F. McNeill, & C. Zobel (Eds.), 17th ISCRAM Conference (pp. 1085–1099). Blacksburg, Virginia.

Harrison, S., & Johnson, P. A. (2019). Challenges in the adoption of crisis crowdsourcing and social media in Canadian emergency management. Government Information Quarterly, 36, 501–509.
https://doi.org/10.1016/J.GIQ.2019.04.002

Harrison, S., & Johnson, P. A. (2016). Crowdsourcing the Disaster Management Cycle. International Journal of Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, 8(4), 17–40.
https://doi.org/10.4018/IJISCRAM.2016100102

Johnson, P. A., Ricker, B., & Harrison, S. (2017). Volunteered Drone Imagery: Challenges and constraints to the development of an open shared image repository. HICSS ’17 Proceedings of the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 1995–2004. Retrieved from
http://hdl.handle.net/10125/41396

Harrison, S., Silver, A., & Doberstein, B. (2015). Post-storm damage surveys of tornado hazards in Canada: Implications for mitigation and policy. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 13, 427–440.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2015.08.005

Scientific Reports:

Potter, S. H., Harrison, S., Thomas, K.-L., Leonard, G., Skilton, J., Apiti, M., … Kilgour, G. N. (2020). Connecting real-time hazard and impact data with users: Proof of concept of a visualisation tool (No. 2020/22).
https://doi.org/10.21420/ZJJG-9C59.SH

Works In Progress:

Harrison, S., Tan, M.L., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H. (In Press). Social Media Use by Multiple Stakeholders During the Fort McMurray Wildfires. In S. Jensen & D. Johnston (Eds.), Case Studies in Disaster Response (1st ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E. E. H., & Johnston, D. (2020). Information needs, sources, and uses for Impact-based forecasts and warnings. Manuscript in preparation

Potter, S., Harrison, S., Kreft, P. (2020). The benefits and challenges of implementing impact-based severe weather warning systems. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Oral Presentations:

Harrison, S. (July 2020). Impact based warnings, what can we learn from afield? Smart Resilient Cities: TechWeek Event 2. Wellington, New Zealand. 30 July 2020.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (May 2020). Data needs for Severe Weather Impact-based Forecasts and Warnings. QuakeCoRE Emerging Researchers Wellington Chapter Monthly Meeting. Wellington, New Zealand. 27 May 2020.

Tan, M. L., Harrison, S., Becker, J. S., & Doyle, E. E. H. (2020). Research Themes on Warnings in Information Systems Crisis Management Literature. In A. L. Hughes, F. McNeill, & C. Zobel (Eds.), 17th ISCRAM Conference (pp. 1085–1099). Blacksburg, Virginia.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (November 2019). Data Needs for Impact-based Forecasting and Warning Systems. Disastrous Doctorates. Dunedin, New Zealand, 3-5 February 2020.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (November 2019). Data Needs for Impact-based Forecasting and Warning Systems in New Zealand: Exploring the production, sharing and management of impact data from severe weather events. Meteorological Society of New Zealand Annual Meeting. Wellington, New Zealand, 25-27 November 2019.

Gomez-Rios, S., Harrison, S., Lupo, K., Nystrom, R. (July 2019). Missouri, Illinois & Indiana Flash Flooding Event 28–30 April 2017. NCAR ASP Colloquium. Boulder, CO, USA, 15-26 July 2019.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2019). An Exploration of Alternative Data Sources for Risk-Based Communication Systems for Severe Weather Hazards. Disastrous Doctorates, Wellington, New Zealand. March 5-6.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2018). An Exploration of Alternative Data Sources for Risk-Based Communication Systems for Severe Weather Hazards. Rapid Georisks Symposium, Arlington, VA, USA. December 17-18.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2018). An Exploration of Alternative Data Sources for Risk-Based Communication Systems for Severe Weather Hazards. High Impact Weather Workshop, Beijing, China. November 20-22.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2018). Alternative Data Sources for Impact-Based Forecasts and Warnings and Impact Modelling in Risk Communication. QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting, Taupo, New Zealand. September 4-6.

Johnson, P., Ricker, B., Harrison, S. (2017). Volunteered Drone Imagery: Challenges and constraints to the development of an open shared image repository. 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Hawaii, USA. January 4-7.

Harrison, S., Johnson, P. (2016). Crowdsourcing in Emergency Management: A comparative analysis of crowdsourcing adoption by governments in the U.S.A. and Canada. American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, USA. Mar 29-Apr 2.

Harrison, S., Silver A., and Doberstein B. (2014). Post-storm damage survey of tornadic events in Canada: Implications for disaster risk reduction and policy. Canadian Risk and Hazards Network Symposium. Toronto, Canada. October 22-24.

Harrison, S., Silver A., and Doberstein B. (2014). Post-storm damage survey of tornadic events in Canada: Implications for disaster risk reduction and policy. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Geographers. St. Catharines, Canada. May 26-30.

Poster Presentations:

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (September 2019). Capturing impacts, experiences, and behaviour during disaster: An online participation and crowdsourcing approach. QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting. Nelson, New Zealand, 31 August-3 September 2019.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2018). An Exploration of Alternative Data Sources for Risk-Based Communication Systems for Severe Weather Hazards. AGU Annual Meeting. December 10-14.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2018). An Exploration of Alternative Data Sources for Risk-Based Communication Systems for Severe Weather Hazards. High Impact Weather Workshop, Beijing, China. November 20-22.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2018). Alternative Data Sources for Impact-Based Forecasts and Warnings and Impact Modelling in Risk Communication. ISCRAM Asia-Pacific, Wellington, New Zealand. November 5-7.

Harrison, S., Potter, S., Prasanna, R., Doyle, E.E.H., Johnston, D. (2018). Alternative Data Sources for Impact-Based Forecasts and Warnings and Impact Modelling in Risk Communication. QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting, Taupo, New Zealand. September 4-6.

Online Articles:

Uni students: It’s OK to not feel OK.
Four PhD students engaged a clinical psychologist to help them navigate an uncertain time in their studies. They share their findings here.
https://thespinoff.co.nz/society/03-04-2020/uni-students-its-ok-to-not-feel-ok/?fbclid=IwAR3DaBgZLUL0onUNkhJASnywOpkvU-disGjKM-diEqwMhoJmj0MhDYsua6c

Student Profile: Sara Harrison
Exploring the Data Needs for Impact-based Forecasting and Warning Systems in New Zealand
https://resiliencechallenge.nz/weather-and-wildfire/student-profile-sara-harrison/

Waterloo Civic Map Lab
New Publication: Challenges in the adoption of crisis crowdsourcing and social media in Canadian emergency management
https://uwaterloo.ca/civic-map-lab/blog/post/new-publication-challenges-adoption-crisis-crowdsourcing-and

Canadian Coastal Resilience Forum
Leveraging online technologies for managing disaster risks: Insights for Canadian governments
https://uwaterloo.ca/canadian-coastal-resilience/blog/post/leveraging-online-technologies-managing-disaster-risks?fbclid=IwAR1jp9b78WX_T8B6OlRkJsiBLf0lk1hYygu0Md5Bu03DZ96LRvwNG-y2UDU

Waterloo Civic Map Lab
New Publication: Crowdsourcing the Disaster Management Cycle
https://uwaterloo.ca/civic-map-lab/blog/post/crowdsourcing-disaster-management-cycle